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The violent history of civil war is still affecting Cambodia. Despite great improvements in health and education since the war ended, poverty remains widespread.

Homosexuality is not illegal in Cambodia, but discrimination is a big problem. Abortion is legal under certain circumstances, but most people do not know about its legal status and stigma surrounds it. Access to sexuality education is limited.

RFSU works with four organisations in Cambodia.

The Cambodian Center for Human Rights (CCHR) is a human rights organisation that works primarily with advocacy but also with community empowerment and networking with other NGOs. Within the cooperation with RFSU CCHR wants to enhance the opportunities for legislative policy and changes regarding the protection of the human rights of LGBT persons. The project will target politicians as well as community-based organisations and NGOs.

Reproductive Health Association of Cambodia (RHAC) is an IPPF member and a major provider of sexual and reproductive health services in Cambodia. The RHAC head office is based in Phnom Penh but the organisation works in 14 provinces all over Cambodia. Within the cooperation with RFSU, RHAC will implement two projects; one focusing on comprehensive sexuality education and one involving transgender/transsexual health services.

Rainbow Community Kampuchea (RoCK) was established as a group in 2009. It is a LGBT activist group that has been driven by committed activists and volunteers. There is a now a growing consensus within the group that RoCK has outgrown its current structure and needs to develop into a more stable civil society organisation to be able to extend their work on LGBT human rights. Within the collaboration with RFSU, RoCK will enhance their organisational capacity and develop their internal capacity in order to become an organisation that can expand their scope of project and work more effectively for the rights of LGBT people.

Klahaan is a feminist organization focusing on women's rights. Much of the organization's work is done online in order to reach the large proportion of young people among the population. Among other things, they send out web surveys about women's experience of violence in close relationships, make digital petitions to mobilize politically and use social media to spread their messages.